>> Friday, May 27, 2011

Satu lagi penemuan saintifik oleh kumpulan penyelidik forensik dan antropologi USM diketuai oleh Dr. Zafarina Zainudin.

Orang Melayu semenanjung berasal dari DUSUN.


Dr Zafarina studies on genetics showed Malay people migrated from Borneo to Sumatera and then to Peninsula Malaysia. I have attached part of her writings below.


Human Genome Center , School of Health Sciences and Dental School , USM
CURRENT STATUS OF PROJECT: Ongoing ( started : Jan 2005 )
Principle Investigator: Dr. Zafarina Zainuddin
Co-researchers: Dr. Zilfalil Alwi, Prof. Abd. Rani Samsudin, Miss Azlina Ahmad,
Dr. Bakiah Shaharuddin, Dr. Liza Sharmini Ahmad Tajudin, Mr.
Hoh Boon Peng, Mr. Mohamad Ros Sidek, Dr. Nizam Abdullah,
Prof. Norazmi Mohd. Nor, Assoc. Prof. Ooi Keat Gin,
Panneerchelvam, Dr. Zainul Ahmad Rajion, Prof. Zainul

The Malay race inhabits particularly Peninsular Malaysia and portions of adjacent islands of Southeast Asia (SEA), east coast of Sumatra , coast of Borneo and smaller islands between these areas.

They were traced by anthropological evidence from the north-western part of Yunnan , in China .

The proto-Malays were seafaring people, probably from coastal Borneo who expanded into Sumatra and Peninsular Malaysia as a result of trading and seafaring activities.

The present day Malays, called Modern Malays of Peninsular Malaysia and coast of the Malay Archipelago are a mixture of different races.

They were described as deutero-Malays, descendants of the proto-Malays mixed with modern Indians, Thai, Arab and Chinese.

The history and the origin of the Malay race have been the subject of much speculation among scholars.

Since the Malays primarily reside within SEA, particularly Peninsular Malaysia, the prehistoric migrations into these regions must be taken into consideration.

Several hypotheses of the SEA migration pattern have been put forward. Preliminary studies using mitochondrial DNA analyses suggested affinity of the Southern Mongoloid in the Modern Malay population of Peninsular Malaysia (Zafarina, 2004).

The term Melayu or Malay‚ was also associated with the Hindu-Buddhist Srivijaya Empire (7th-13 centuries CE) believed to be located in the South-eastern part of Sumatra .

An Arab text dating around 1000 CE observed that travellers bound for China sailed through the sea of Melayu‚ that can be inferred to mean the Straits of Melaka.

On opposite shores of the Straits of Melaka by the 7th century CE or earlier, there were the domicile areas of the Malays, namely Sumatra and the Malay Peninsular.

1. To compile the genetic profile of the Malay race.
2. To study the history, social and anthropology of the Malay race.
3. To characterise the craniofacial, dental and ocular features of Malay race.
4. To correlate the genetic profile of the Malay race with their craniofacial, dental and
ocular characteristics.
5. To correlate the genetic profile of the Malay race with its history, social and
6. To trace the origin of the Malay race by using the genetic profile, anthropology,
craniofacial, dental and ocular characteristics.

The research encompasses four parts of studies: The Historical and Socio-cultural Analysis, the Ocular Morphology Analysis, the Craniofacial Morphology Analysis, and the last major part, the Genetic Analysis.

Various types of genetic markers are used in the study of the genetic components of the population.

These markers are autosomal and Y chromosome STR markers, mtDNA, Human Leucocytes Antigen (HLA) and lastly, the SNP genotyping which will be done using the Microarray 50K genechip system.

1. The tracing of the origin and the migration pattern of the Malay race.
2. Establishing USM as a part of the member of Pacific Pan-Asian SNP Initiative (PASNPI) organized by Human Genome Organization (HUGO)”

Dr Zafarina studies is one of the most cnclusive evidence of Borneo origins of the Malay race. They are not called Malay in Borneo, but Dusuns or Dayaks.

Dr Zafarina traced the genetic migration of the Dusunic speaking people of Borneo southwards in Borneo and along the way producing other tribes such as the Lun Bawangs, Bidayuhs, Ibans, etc. The Bidayuhs in turn migrated to Sulawesi and found the Bugis people. When the Dayaks or Dusun reached the southern tip of Borneo, they simply crossed over to Jawa and Sumatera.

Scientist has concluded that the Expres Train theory that the Malay race come from Taiwan were now discredited. Scientist found genes found among Polynesians (Hawaii) were not found among the indigenous Taiwanese. This shows the connection is missing.

Instead the theory goes that the Malay people who migrated from Indo China reached the coast of Borneo where the race and language of the Malayo Polynesian incubated. It was from Borneo that people migrated out to Taiwan, the Philippines and the rest of Insular Southeast Asia and the pacifics and the Indian ocean.

The proto Malays of Borneo were once great seafarers, reaching as far away land as Madagascar. Their migration led them to other Islands brought them to Sumatera, Jawa, Sulawesi, and then to the Pacifics Islands.

Incidently, the Malagasy language in Madagascar is closest to Maanyan language of Barito Kalimantan. But Manyan is closest to Dusun Witu of Barito which is alsmot 80% similar to the Dusun language of the Penampang and Papar Sabah dialect.

Dusun is about 30% similar to modern Malay. We know that modern Malay is only 30% indigenous, the rest were derived from or enriched by Sanskrit (Indian language), Arabs (during Islamic influence) and Chinese.

But the 30% indigenous are almost all similar to Dusun language in terms of sound and meanings. The followings are some Dusun/Malay similarity.

Eg mato for mata, tolingo for telinga, todung for hidung, dilah for lidah, siku for siku, longon for lengan, kulit for kulit, tonsi for isi, raha for darah, tulang for tulang, wulu for bulu, pusod for pusat, tuhat for urat, wotis for betis, etc.

Other words, kayu for kayu, watang for batang, roun for daun, bunga for bunga, tuah for buah, etc
others, wulan for bulan, watu for batu, tana for tanah, sawat for sawat (as in pesawat), osin for masin, onsom for masam, po’it for pahit, omis for manis, apui for api, matai for mati, pais for pisau, etc.

Others, iso for sa, duo for dua, apat for empat, limo for lima , onom for enam, etc.

Others, palanuk for pelanduk, buayo for buaya, lipos for lipas, tikus for tikus, tontolu for telur, ulanut for ular, etc

There are hundreds of words that form the indigenous part of the Malay language.

The dusun origins of modern Malay is something to be researched further. The dusunic speaking people are quite widespread. The Bisaya of Sarawak are dusunic people, also the dusuns of Tutung and Belait Brunei. In Barito, Kalimantan, the several dusunic speakers are related to the dusunic language.

Even the Bajau language and most visayan dialects in the Philippines can be traced to the dusunic langauge.

According to Dr Zafarina, the dusuns produce the Bajau people (interesting). This correspond with the legend among Visayans that they came from Borneo.

It is ironic that the dusuns today are not constitutional Malay though scientific evidence now showed the Borneo origins of the Malay language.

The dusuns who populated Borneo did not find great civilization in Borneo. The credit must be given to their descendents who migrated to Sumatera and eventually became Malays through intermarriage with the more culturally advance Indians to form the seeds of the melayur kingdom.

Today it is true being Malay is a pride to many Malaysians. But the Malaysian Constitutional definition does not make them racially Malays. Officially, the word Malay is a religious identity, not a racial identity.

Ironically, the only other people who defined their ethnic identity in terms of religion are the Jewish people.

Even Arabs recognize Arab Christians as Arabs. But in Malaysia, one has to be a Muslim to be a Malay.

The Malaysian constitutional definition excludes Javanese, Filipinos, and other indigenous in Southeast Asia who are malayo polynesian speakers as Malays because they do not fulfil the constitutinal definition.

The Malaysian definition of a Malay reduced the number of ethnic Malay to just 25 million people wolrd wide.

Thus, the Malay history also started only with the advent of islam in the 14th century. Malay did not exist before the advent of Islam.

The term Malay was popularized by western anthropologists based on their readings of Sejarah Melayu, however, distorted.

The term Malay is now very popular, used even by President Gloria Aroyo to identify her Filipino racial heritage. Unfortunately, may be she did not know, but the Malaysian Malays would have disputed her. She does not fulfill the Malaysian Constitutional definition to be a Malay.

Unless Malaysia change its constitution to make Malay a racial identity for Malayo Polynesian people, then the narrow definition would make the term Malay relevant to a small group of people in a sea of 300 million Austronesian Malayo Polynesian speakers.

As of now, to be a Malay is just like to be a Jew, where ethnicity is defined by religious identity.


http://nursamad.blogspot.com/2007/06/ma … -race.html


Bekam Sunnah Rasullullah.

>> Sunday, May 22, 2011

Hadis Rasulullah S.A.W:"jika ada ubat yang dapat menyembuhkan penyakit, maka bekam juga dapat menyembuhkannya."HR Malik

Bekam adalah satu cara pengubatan yang disukai dan digalakkan oleh Rasulullah SAW untuk ummat Islam. Tujuan bekam adalah untuk mengeluarkan darah yang mengandungi toksid (racun ) yang berbahaya dari badan melalui permukaan kulit. Inilah satu cara 'detoksifikasi' yang sesuai dan selamat bagi ummat Islam

Oleh itu, kami menawarkan khidmat berbekam kepada anda semua samada di tempat kami, atau kami sendiri akan mengunjungi tempat anda bagi menawarkan perkhidmatan sebegini.

Bekam merupakan salah satu warisan perubatan Islam yang dianjurkan oleh Rasullullah s.a.w. Suatu amalan sunnah yang sering dilupakan,(lebih diambil manfaat oleh pengamal-pengamal perubatan china). Ia merupakan istilah Melayu bererti perlepasan angin dalam badan atau perlepasan darah kotor dari badan. Dalam bahasa Arab juga dikenali sebagai ‘Al-Hijamah’ bermaksud satu kaedah pembersihan darah atau angin dengan megeluarkan sisa toksik dalam badan melalui kulit secara sedutan dengan berbagai alat seperti tanduk kerbau, gading gajah, batang buloh, gelas atau yang paling moden dengan menngunakan alat vakum moden yang bersih dan suci hama.
Perawatan dengan kaedah Bekam ini memberi banyak faedah kebaikan kepada manusia sejagat, antaranya ialah:

1. Sihat tubuh badan
2. Menghilangkan keletihan dan penat badan
3. Mengimbagi daya tahan badan
4. Buang angin dalam kepala khusunya sakit kepala
5. Buang darah – buang toksik darah
6. Sakit urat
7. lemah-lemah otot dan lain-lain lagi
Sumber : http://bekam.xaper.com/index.html
Dan untuk lebih meyakinkan, berikut merupakan dalil-dalil dari hadith. Fakta harus disertakan dengan bukti- fact and figures.=)

Pesakit yang menderita dengan penyakit Sinus atau Resdung ; dengan kaedah perubatan Islam, yakni Berbekam Sunnah, dapat membantu untuk merawat kearah penyembuhan.

Demikian juga dengan pesakit yang menderita dengan sakit migran atau sering terasa sakit kepala. Dengan cara perubatan bekam, dapat menyembuhkan penyakit yang dialami oleh sipesakit. 

Kepada sesiapa yang ingin mendapatkan perkhidmatan "Bekam Sunnah" karena mengidap beberapa penyakit seperti yang tertera diatas, sila kunjungi premis kami yang beralamat seperti berikut;

ED.R. Root Reflexiology & Cupping Therapy Centre,
Lot.9, Borneon Complex. Keningau. Sabah.
HP: 01110610036 / 014-2016135.        -  Mohd. Redzwan. 


No difference if PBRS leaves BN, says PBS

>> Saturday, May 21, 2011

Published on: Wednesday, May 18, 2011 Email to a friend Printer Friendly

Keningau: The Parti Bersatu Sabah (PBS) Pensiangan division claims that not only is fellow BN component Parti Bersatu Rakyat Sabah (PBRS) no longer relevant in the district but actually a liability for the Barisan Nasional (BN) government.

Hence, PBS Nalasaran Sapulut Branch Head, Jack Sangau, said PBRS President Tan Sri Joseph Kurup should not issue the threat to reconsider PBRS' position in the BN. "For PBS, if PBRS pulls out from BN, it will not have any effect on the coalition in Sabah because it (PBRS) is not an important asset to BN but a liability to us," he said.

He was commenting on Umno Vice President-cum-Minister of Defence, Datuk Seri Dr Ahmad Zahid Hamidi, staking a claim for the Pensiangan seat in the next election. The constituency is currently held by Kurup but its win without contest on nomination day in the last election is riddled with controversy with Kurup almost being assaulted. It took the court to rule in Kurup's favour.

Jack said, instead, he (Kurup) should have considered the question at hand in regards to the role of PBRS in Pensiangan and take extra measures in order to solidify their efforts to work along with other BN components there.

Responding to Kurup's statement in the Daily Express, he said such intimidation was not the first ever made by PBRS, as similar threat was also issued by the party during the 2008 election, when it warned to leave BN if Datuk Dr Bernard Maraat were to contest as Pensiangan MP.

He said PBRS also once labelled PBS as an "opposition" within the Barisan coalition and should the party desires to win in the 13th General Election, it should take other components as friends, not enemies.

"Kurup should have not been upset when Zahid's suggested that Umno should contest in one of the seat in Pensiangan because he is well aware that he himself excludes other BN component in this area in terms of projects distribution under the Parliamentary allocation.

Meanwhile, he said, PBS supports fully the recommendations made by Zahid to enable other BN components to contest in Pensiangan so that the constituency may not fall to the opposition in the next General election.


Anwar arah peguam lawan habis-habisan

>> Tuesday, May 17, 2011

Kongsi 234Ketua umum PKR Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim menuduh Hakim Mahkamah Tinggi Kuala Lumpur, Datuk Mohamad Zabidin Mohd Diah telah membuat pra-penghakiman terhadapnya dengan memerintahkannya membela diri.Sambil berkata beliau tidak terperanjat dengan keputusan

tersebut dan terus mendakwa bahawa sejak dari awal lagi, kes terhadapnya merupakan satu penganiayaan politik, Anwar berkata hakim telah melangkau melebihi mempertimbangkan fakta-fakta sama ada terdapat kes prima facie terhadapnya.

Anwar berkata, beliau diperintah membela diri tanpa fakta berkaitan dipertimbangkan dan tidak menurut peruntukan undang-undang."Semua bahan-bahan tuduhan itu (dianggap) menjadi fakta, boleh diterima dan melampaui keraguan munasabah. Ia seolah-olah dia mahu menghukum, telah memutuskan sabitan," katanya.

Sambil menegaskan beliau telah mengarahkan pasukan peguambelanya supaya habis-habisan membuat pembelaan, Anwar berkata, beliau telah mengisytiharkan dirinya tidak bersalah.Katanya, ia kerana kes itu membabitkan konspirasi politik dan melibatkan Perdana Menteri, Datuk Seri Najib Abdul Razak, isterinya Datin Seri Rosmah Mansor dan bekas Ketua Polis Negara, Tan Sri Musa Hassan, yang semuanya telah dinamakan.

Ahli parlimen Permatang Pauh itu berkata hakim dan pendakwa telah dimaklumkan mengenai permohonan pihak peguambela untuk memanggil ketiga-tiga mereka sebagai saksi.Sementara itu, pengadu itu dalam kes itu, Mohd Saiful Bukhari Azlan, dalam satu tweet, berkata dia bersyukur dengan keputusan mahkamah hari ini.

"Syukur dengan keputusan pada hari ini. Diharap peringkat perbicaraan seterusnya berjalan dengan lancar. Akan terus doa, istiqamah dan bersabar," katanya dalam tweetnya."Kes pembelaan mulai pada 6-30 Jun. Mereka akan tampilkan saksi-saksi/alibi untuk melemahkan kes pendakwaan. Semoga berjalan dengan lancar," tulis Saiful

Hafiz Yatim
Mei 16, 11
Sources: Malaysia Kini.



>> Wednesday, May 11, 2011

BUDDY... Hubungan akrab Michael Chia (kanan) dengan Richard Barnes sentiasa kukuh bagi melindungi kegiatan jenayah mereka di Hong Kong.

KETIKA Peguam Negara, Tan Sri Gani Patail dihujani pelbagai isu yang mencabar kredibiliti beliau, terutama kemelut dengan Panel penasihat Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia, ‘Lelaki Terkaya di Malaysia’ Michael Chia Tien Foh masih bergantung tali hayat dengan Jabatan Peguam Negara dalam Skandal Penggubahan Wang Haram di Hong Kong dan Kes Rasuah di Sabah yang akan disambung lagi selama dua hari mulai hari ini dan esok (13 hingga 14 Januari 2011).

Michael Chia yang memperdaya seorang usahawan tempatan, Datuk Agus Hassan Tan berhubung Skandal Peluamas yang melibatkan nama UMNO Sabah terpalit untuk mendapatkan suapan sejumlah RM3 juta; masih berjaya mengheret Ketua Menteri Sabah, merangkap Ketua Perhubungan UMNO Sabah, Datuk Seri Musa Aman sehingga tidak menyambung kontrak Mohd Daud Tampokong sebagai Pengurus Besar Kumpulan Yayasan Sabah.

Pemberhentian Daud sebagai orang paling berkuasa di Yayasan Sabah sedikit sebanyak akan menyebabkan perbicaraan kes berkenaan terganggu kerana Daud menjadi saksi utama yang melibatkan kes rasuah tersebut disebabkan hubungan langsung dengan tertuduh, Michael Chia, yang diperkenalkan Daud sebagai Juruperunding dan Agen Yayasan Sabah bagi semua konsesi di Yayasan Sabah.

Akibatnya, Yayasan Sabah terpaksa menubuhkan Panel Khas untuk mentadbir urus yayasan berkenaan yang terdiri daripada Mohd Hatta Jaafar, Andrew Garcia, Robie Makajil dan Esther Lee.

Dalam perbicaraan sebelum ini, Peguam Negara telah mengarahkan Timbalan Pendakwaraya, Kevin Morrais melalui telefon agar memaklumkan kepada Hakim Elsie Primus untuk menangguhkan perbicaraan tersebut kerana salah seorang saksi penting, Chong Shak Nyen ingin meminda keterangannya; sedangkan saksi berkenaan tidak tahu menahu dan tidak ada membuat sebarang permohonan; sehingga statusnya sebagai saksi kini akan dijadikan sebagai salah seorang ‘Defendan’.

Dikhabarkan Gani gagal membantu Michael Chia dalam kes Penggubahan Wang Haram di Hong Kong baru-baru ini sehingga Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Hong Kong (ICAC) berjaya mendapat perintah mahkamah untuk membekukan wang sejumlah RM430 juta, tidak termasuk RM16 juta yang dirampas di Lapangan Terbang Cek Lap Kok pada 14 Ogos 2008.

Usaha untuk menentang ICAC di mahkamah Hong Kong ternyata gagal kerana tidak ada sebarang pihak muncul mewakili Michael Chia, setelah ada pihak yang berkepentingan bimbang akan menyebabkan pembangkang mempergunakan isu berkenaan pada pilihanraya kecil Batu Sapi.

Usaha untuk mencairkan RM446 juta berkenaan masih terus dilakukan termasuk untuk menggunakan pengakuan palsu Kerajaan Malaysia bahawa wang tersebut adalah wang parti, namun masih menemui jalan buntu setelah jet peribadi yang membawa Michael Chia ke Hong Kong berjaya dipintas ketika operasi besar-besaran menangkap mereka yang terlibat dengan Skandal Penggubahan Wang Haram di Hong Kong sedikit masa lalu.

   Musa (KM) Sabah bersalaman dengan Michael Chia

Berjayakah Michael Chia terus berselindung di sebalik nama Musa Aman dan menggantung tali hayat kepada Gani Patail? Jawapannya hanya diketahui Richard Christopher Barnes yang menjadi Pemegang Amanah bagi semua wang yang disimpan di Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank di Central Hong Kong!

Sources : Sabahkini.net.


BN mesyuarat..Jumaat, Bincang pilihanraya umum ke-13.

>> Tuesday, May 10, 2011

Majlis tertinggi BN akan mengadakan pertemuan pada Jumaat bagi membincangkan rancangan untuk mengadakan pilihan raya ujian sebagai persiapan bagi menghadapi pilihan raya umum ke-13.

Setiausaha agung Umno Datuk Seri Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor berkata, parti itu telah membincangkan isu berkenaan dengan panjang lebar termasuk mengadakan ujiannya sendiri pada Julai bagi melicinkan jentera pilihan rayanya.

"Bila kita ada pilihan raya mengejut, kita tidak tahu. Itu kita serahkan kepada Tuhan dan juga perdana menteri...," katanya yang juga setiausaha agung BN dalam satu sidang media hari ini.

Beliau mengakui bahawa terdapat isu tertentu yang memberi kesan kepada jentera BN berdasarkan prestasinya dalam pilihan raya negeri Sarawak dan siri pilihan raya kecil yang diadakan sejak 2008.

"Kita lihat apa yang berlaku di Sarawak, di Batu Sapi, di Johor dan semua pilihan raya kecil yang kita telah lalui, kita mahu (pertingkatkan) jentera tertentu yang tidak berusaha seperti yang kita mahu," katanya," katanya lagi.

Source: Malaysiakini.


Osama Bin Laden dead, Obama says justice is done

>> Monday, May 2, 2011

Al-Qaeda mastermind Osama bin Laden was killed Sunday in a firefight with covert US forces deep inside Pakistan, prompting President Barack Obama to declare "justice has been done" a decade after the September 11 attacks.

Al-Qaeda mastermind Osama bin Laden was killed Sunday in a firefight with covert US forces deep inside Pakistan, prompting President Barack Obama to declare "justice has been done" a decade after the September 11 attacks.

The death of the reviled US enemy, after a massive manhunt, sparked jubilation across the United States, with a huge crowd gathering outside the White House just before midnight, chanting "USA, USA" and waving American flags as Obama made a sudden and dramatic nationwide address to Americans.

"Tonight, I can report to the American people and to the world that the United States has conducted an operation that killed Osama bin Laden, the leader of Al-Qaeda, and a terrorist who's responsible for the murder of thousands of innocent men, women and children," Obama said.

Obama said in the historic speech from the White House that he had directed US armed forces to launch an attack against a compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan on Sunday acting on a lead that first emerged last August.

"A small team of Americans carried out the operation with extraordinary courage and capability. No Americans were harmed. They took care to avoid civilian casualties. President Obama's statement on bin Laden's death

"After a firefight, they killed Osama bin Laden and took custody of his body," the US leader said.
"Justice has been done." Bin Laden's demise marks the biggest triumph yet in the 10-year US war against terrorism launched after the September 11 attacks, which saw America embroiled in two wars, and changed many aspects of US life. Related article: Osama bin Laden put 'holy war' on global agenda

The operation will also likely go down as one of the most spectacular intelligence operations in US history, and provide a huge morale boost the oft-criticized US covert community.
Former US president George W. Bush who was in office at the time of the September 11 attacks said bin Laden's death was a "momentous" achievement and congratulated Obama and US intelligence and military forces.

"This momentous achievement marks a victory for America, for people who seek peace around the world, and for all those who lost loved ones on September 11, 2001," Bush said in a statement.
"The fight against terror goes on, but tonight America has sent an unmistakable message: No matter how long it takes, justice will be done." Pakistani intelligence officials also confirmed bin Laden's death.

Obama said he had called Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari after bin Laden's death and said cooperation with the uneasy US anti-terror ally had helped lead American forces to bin Laden.
US armed forces have been hunting the Saudi terror kingpin for years, an effort that was redoubled following the attacks by hijacked airliners on the World Trade Center in New York and the Pentagon which killed nearly 3,000 people in 2001. Osama bin Laden in his own words

A fourth passenger jet crashed in a remote area of Pennsylvania, apparently brought down after passengers revolted and tried to prevent it from reaching its target, assumed to be Washington.
Until Sunday, bin Laden had always managed to evade US armed forces and a massive manhunt, and was most often thought to be hiding out in Pakistan and Afghanistan border areas.

The death of bin Laden will raise huge questions about the future shape of Al-Qaeda and also have steep implications for US security and foreign policy 10 years into a global anti-terror campaign.
It will also provoke fears that the United States and its allies will face retaliation from supporters of bin Laden and other Islamic extremist groups. Bin Laden's demise will also cast a new complexion on the increasingly unpopular war in Afghanistan, where 100,000 troops are still battling the Taliban and Al-Qaeda after a decade of war.Bush first said he wanted bin Laden "dead or alive" in the weeks after the September 11 attacks.

Osama Bin Laden was top of America's most wanted list, and was blamed by Washington for masterminding a string of other attacks, including the attacks on US embassies in Kenya and Africa in 1998.
He frequently taunted Bush, and Obama after he took office in 2009, with taped messages.
The US dollar rose against the euro and the yen when it emerged that Obama would announce bin Laden's death.

The dollar went up against the euro, which fetched 1.4764 dollars from 1.4864 in earlier trade. The dollar was at 81.66 yen from 81.19 earlier. Related article: Dollar rises on reports Osama bin Laden is dead
The news was welcomed by Americans across the country, even though bin Laden's death was only confirmed shortly before midnight Sunday.

"I'm proud to be an American tonight," Kenneth Specht, a New York firefighter on 9/11, told CNN, paying tribute to the victims of the attacks in New York and Washington.
"Tonight they are first and foremost in our minds," he said.
Amid fears of retaliation by Al-Qaeda or other groups, the US State Department issued a global travel alert to all US citizens.

"The US Department of State alerts US citizens traveling and residing abroad to the enhanced potential for anti-American violence given recent counter-terrorism activity in Pakistan," it said in a statement.
New York's police chief Raymond Kelly meanwhile called the killing of bin Laden a "welcome milestone" for the families of the victims of the September 11 attacks.


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>> Sunday, May 1, 2011

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